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Kothavarangai Paruppu Usili – Cluster Beans Dhal Paste Curry

Kothavarangai Paruppu Usili – Cluster Beans Dhal Paste Curry
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A childhood favourite, I loved the Paruppu Usili made by my Mom – she would make it with banana flower (vazhaipoo) or guar / cluster beans (kothavarangai). I had attempted to make the this curry once or twice but was not happy with the results. Now that my daughter Mridula wanted a recipe for an authentic paruppu usili, I decided to make it once more. This time I researched the various steps for making the curry. Meenakshi Ammal’s  Samaithu Par or Cook and See cookbook, Vol 1, has the recipe for the Plantain Flower Dhal Paste Curry, and for the Cluster Beans Dhal Paste Curry. I have modified the recipe quite a bit, following what I recollected of the process my mother used.

Cluster Beans Paruppu Usili_Paruppu Usili
Cluster Beans Paruppu Usili

The Paruppu Usili is a simple dry curry which goes well with a kuzhambu such as a vathal kuzhambu (which I prepared today for lunch) or with sambar, milagu kozhambu or mor kuzhambu. It tastes good with rasam too. In fact you can have this curry with just about any South Indian style gravy (kuzhambu or rasam) or with chappaties and dhal.

Slice the beans finely
Slice the beans finely

The Cook and See book suggests that the vegetable be cooked with water on the stove top. I prefer to steam the sliced vegetables. All you need is for the vegetables to be cooked well with a bite still remaining and not overcooked and soggy, and for the dhal paste to have the right consistency. Again, the cookbook does not suggest steaming the dhal paste, but I have seen my mother steaming it, and I preferred the dhal to be well cooked, so I have also steamed the dhal after grinding it to a paste.

Kitchen Tips for making Cluster beans Paruppu Usili:

  1. I saved time by steaming the cluster bean slices and the dhal paste in the steamer container in my pasta cooker. Both need about the same amount of time so this was convenient. You will need 10 minutes after the water begins to boil, for the vegetables to cook.
  2. An idli plate kept in the idli cooker/ pressure cooker, with adequate water for 10 minutes of steaming, and without the weight on the cooker lid, could be used. Alternatively, steam the paste and the vegetables on a plate fitted into a kadai or frying pan, again with sufficient water for steaming for about 10 minutes(from the time the water begins to boil).
  3. After steaming the dhal paste, allow it to cool and then crumble it with your hand, as it would have caked after steaming. Crumbling will help stir it nicely into the cooked vegetables and the tempering.
  4. This is a dry curry and moisture would impact the consistency and taste. Squeeze out any excess water from the cooked beans. Also,  grind the dhal -chilli paste without adding water to it.
  5. Select young tender cluster beans as more mature ones tend to be stringy, fibrous and bitter.

Health & Nutrition benefits of Cluster Beans:

  • The Cluster beans or Guar Beans are known to have various nutritional benefits: They contain potassium and folate and are said to be heart -healthy and improves cardio health; they are rich in water soluble dietary fibre which helps reduce blood cholesterol as well as improves digestion and reduces bowel complaints. They have a low glycemic index and hence are good to include in a diabetic diet.
  • Cluster Beans are rich in vitamins such a Vitamin K, minerals such as calcium and phosphorous and hence can help strengthen bone health and teeth, as well as a soluble form of iron which is easy for the body to absorb. They are said to help maintain blood pressure. Low in calorific content carbohydrates, the cluster beans are a good source of folic acid for pregnant women.
  • Cancer Fighting: Cluster beans have properties that attack and destroy free radicals in the body, and may be helpful in fighting Cancer.
  • The plantain flower paruppu usili is very tasty, but the process of removing the stamen from each little flower and then slicing the sticky blossoms is a little time consuming. Making paruppu usili with cluster beans, French beans, snake gourd, raw plantain (raw banana) cabbage or yam, is easier and faster.


Lunch today is something I  am looking forward to: kotavarangai paruppu usili, orange peel vathal kuzhambu (again my mother’s recipe) and  hot rice with potato chips!

The paruppu usili tastes real good. Im wondering whether I can make a quesadilla with some of it. With a yogurt dip as an accompaniment. Will let you know how that goes!

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Beans Paruppu Usili - Cluster Beans Dhal Paste Curry Yum
Kothavarangai Paruppu Usili from a traditional Tamil Iyer Style Recipe. Cluster beans sautéed with tuar dal - chilli paste, tempered with mustard seeds & hing.
Cluster Beans Paruppu Usili_PepperOnPizza.com
Course side dish
Cuisine indian, south indian
Prep Time 10 minutes
Cook Time 30 minutes
Passive Time 2 hours
Servings
portions
Course side dish
Cuisine indian, south indian
Prep Time 10 minutes
Cook Time 30 minutes
Passive Time 2 hours
Servings
portions
Cluster Beans Paruppu Usili_PepperOnPizza.com
Instructions
To Make the Dhal Paste
  1. Wash the thowaram paruppu and kadalai paruppu (tuar dhal and channa dhal). Soak the dhals together in one cup of water for 2 hours,
  2. Drain the dhals after soaking as above. Grind the drained dhal along with the dry red chillies, a pinch of perungaiyam (hing) powder and 1/4 teaspoon of salt, to a coarse paste, without adding water.
    Grind the dhal and chilli to a coarse paste
  3. Steam the dhal paste (and the sliced vegetables as below) in a steamer, or on an idli plate or other closely fitted plate in a pressure cooker or closed pan. Steam for about 10 minutes from the point when the water begins to boil and emit steam. The dhal paste may become a little stiff after steaming, and should be crumbled before adding to the tempering as below.
To prepare the vegetables
  1. Select only fresh young and tender beans. Wash, top and tail the cluster beans (guar) by trimming the pointed ends of the beans and then the thick ends. You can hold a set of beans in a line, as in the image here, and then trim/ slice. If there are any strings, pull them down from the top and they will come away. Slice the beans finely, as small as you can. Add a pinch of turmeric powder, a pinch of salt and Steam for 10 minutes, as for the dhal paste above. Drain the steamed beans and set aside till required.
    Slice the beans finely
To make Cluster beans Paruppu Usili
  1. Heat a pan and add sesame oil or the vegetable oil of your preference (sesame or gingelly oil will give the authentic taste). Temper by adding mustard seeds, add fenugreek (methi) seeds, split urad dhal (skinned black gram lentils), dry red chilli and shredded curry leaves, one after the other, giving each a few seconds to crackle/ sauté.
  2. Add the steamed dhal paste after first crumbling it (it would have become stiff or caked after steaming), stir well into the tempering (about 3 minutes).
  3. Add the steamed cluster beans after squeezing out any excess water. Stir briskly. Check and add salt to taste and stir again for about a minute. Remove from the stove and transfer to a serving bowl.
    Paruppu Usili_Add the steamed beans
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